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人教版高中英语必修3 Unit 1 Festivals around the world 重点短语

Unit 1 Festivals around the world 重点短语 1. take place发生;举行 In the meantime, an economic crisis took place in that country. 在此期间那个国家发...

Unit 1 Festivals around the world

重点短语

1. take place

发生;举行

In the meantime, an economic crisis took place in that country.

在此期间那个国家发生了经济危机。

The Olympic Games take place every four years.

奥林匹克运动会每四年举行一次。

联想拓展

take one’s place=take the place of... 代替……

take the first place 获得第一名

in place of 代替

易错辨析:take place/happen/break out/occur

take place 通常表示计划、安排之内的“发生”。

happen指事情偶然的发生,常带有未能预见的含义;另外,还有“碰巧”之意。

break out指火灾、战争或瘟疫的突然爆发。

occur指按计划发生,常指(某想法、某事)出现在某人的头脑中。常见结构:It occurs/occurred to sb. that表示“某人想起某事”。

It occurred to me that I had forgotten my keys.

我想起了我忘了带钥匙。

2. in memory of

=to the memory of 纪念;追念

Many ceremonies are in memory of famous people.

很多典礼是为了纪念名人的。

The statue was built in memory of the famous scientist.

这个雕像是为了纪念那位有名的科学家而建的。

联想拓展

in honour of 为了纪念……;向……表示敬意

in praise of 歌颂;称赞

in favour of 赞同, 支持 

in charge of 负责

in need of 需要;缺少

in search of 寻找

in possession of 拥有

3. dress up

dress作“打扮自己或打扮某人”讲,与介词as/like连用或用于dress up as sb./dress up for sth.结构。

We are supposed to dress up as movie characters for the party, what a novel idea!

我们在晚会上要装扮成电影中的角色,这是一个多么新奇的主意啊!

They dress up for the occasion.

为了参加这个活动,他们都穿上了盛装。

She dress up in Elizabethan costume for the fancydress ball.

她穿上伊丽莎白一世时代的服装去参加化装舞会。

联想拓展

be dressed in  穿着……衣服

be dressed as 打扮成

be well dressed 衣着讲究

dress oneself 穿衣,打扮

dress sb. 给某人穿衣服高手过招

4. play a trick/tricks on sb.

搞恶作剧;诈骗;开玩笑

The children played a trick on their teacher on April Fool’s Day.

孩子们在愚人节那天捉弄了他们的老师。

Remember not to play any tricks on the disabled.

记住不要戏弄残疾人。

联想拓展

play a joke on sb. 开某人的玩笑    

make fun of sb. 取笑某人

laugh at sb. 嘲笑某人

smile at sb. 向某人微笑

make a fool of 愚弄;嘲笑

5. look forward to

期待某事/做某事(to为介词,后接名词或动名词)

We should look forward to the futurity.

我们应该展望未来。

I am familiar with his work and look forward to hearing his views on literary and artistic creation.

我熟悉他的作品,并期待他能就文艺创作方面发表自己的见解。

联想拓展

带有介词“to”的短语可用下面这两句话帮助记忆:

习惯于旧方式的人坚持反对新事物,这样导致许多献身于科学的人被宣判为大逆不道。不喜欢这种事实的人谈到此事时,总期待着增添自己的努力使它开始改变。

习惯于be (get) used to,坚持stick to,反对object to,导致lead to,献身于be devoted to,被宣判为be sentenced to,喜欢prefer...to,谈到come to,期待look forward to,增添add to,开始get down to。

6. turn up

出席(某活动)(常用于口语);出现;找到;把(收音机等的)音量调大一些(其反义短语是turn down);到场

I’m sure your watch will turn up one of these days.

我担保你的手表准有一天能找到。

We invited her to dinner but she didn’t even bother to turn up.我们请她吃饭她都不露面。

I can’t hear the radio very well; could you turn it up a bit?

我听不太清楚收音机,你把声音调大点行吗?

联想拓展

turn against 反对;背叛

turn down (音量等)调小;拒绝

turn off 关掉

turn on 打开;发动

turn out  结果是……;证明是……

turn to sb. for help 向某人求助

turn away 走开;转过脸去;把……打发走

turn in 进入;交出;上交

turn over 打翻;移交;反复考虑

turn into把……变成……

7. keep one’s word

守信用;履行诺言;word意为“诺言”时,是不可数名词,不可以用复数形式,其前面不可以用冠词修饰。

You should keep your word once you make it.

你一旦许诺就要遵守诺言。

You promised you would take the children to camp so you must keep your word.

你答应过要带孩子们去野营,所以你必须信守诺言。

联想拓展

break one’s word 食言 

get in a word 插嘴 

in a/one word=in short总而言之 

in other words 换句话说

word for word 逐词

have a word with sb. 与某人谈话

have words with sb. 与某人争吵

word came that ...有消息传来…

8. set off

出发;动身;使爆炸

What time are you planning to set off tomorrow?

你打算明天几点钟启程?

The terrorist set off a bomb in the city centre and killed six people.恐怖分子在市中心引爆了炸弹,杀害了6个人。

联想拓展

set off for a place 出发到某地

set about doing sth. 开始(某工作);着手做某事

set out 从某地出发上路

set out to do sth.开始做某事

set sth. up 摆放或竖起某物;创立,建立

set sth. aside 将某事物放在一边;

set down记下;写下

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