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介词 介词是一种虚词,表示词与词之间关系的词类。在句中不能单独作句子成分。需与动词、形容词、名词和代词等搭配,才能在句子中充当成分。...




1. 简单介词:about, after, against, at, during, etc

2. 合成介词:inside, into, onto, out of, without, etc

3. 短语介词:according to, up to, due to, owing to, thanks to, etc

4. 双重介词:from among, from behind, from under, till after, in between, etc

5. 分词形式的介词:considering,given,including,concerning, etc


1. 作表语:He is in good health. 她身体很健康。

2. 作状语:Don’t touch it with your hands. 别用手去摸它。

3. 作定语:This is the best way of doing it. 这是做此事最好的方法。

4. 宾语补足语:I found everything in good condition. 我发现一切正常。

5. 作宾语:I saw her from across the street. 我从街对面看见了她。

6. 作主语:Between 6 and 7 suits me. 六点到七点对我比较适合。


1. 介词与动词搭配

arrive in/at到达

ask for要,请求

do well in在……方面做得好

give in投降

go on继续

hear from收到……来信

leave for离开一地去另一地

send for派人去请

look for寻找

deal/do with处置,对待

belong to属于

write to写信给……

2. 介词与名词搭配

in time及时

on time准时,按时

in front of在……前面

with a smile带着微笑

at the beginning of在……开始

at the end of在……结尾

in a word总而言之,一句话

in order to为了,以便

on one hand …on the other hand一方面……另一方面

on the radio通过无线电广播 

to one’s surprise/joy使某人吃惊/高兴

3. 介词与形容词、过去分词等搭配

be good at擅长……

be angry with sb. 对某人生气

be angry at sth. 为某事生气

be satisfied with sth.对某事感到满意

be tired of讨厌……/厌倦……

take part in参加

take care of照顾,关心,保管

be busy with忙于……

be strict with对……严格要求 

have nothing to do with与……无关



1. 介词词组

at table在进餐

at the table在桌子旁(=beside the desk) 

at desk在读书或做作业

at the desk在书桌旁 

at school在校上学(指学生)

at the school在学校(指教职工) 

in front of the bus在公共汽车的前面(不在车上)

in the front of the bus在公共汽车部(在车上) 

in prison坐牢

in the prison在监狱 

in red穿着红色的衣服

in the red负债,亏损 

in hospital住院(指病人)

in the hospital(因事)在医院 

out of office离职

out of the office离开办公室 

2. 含有介词的动词词组

come out of hospital(病好)出院

come out of the hospital(因事)从医院里出来

come out of prison(刑满)释放

come out of the prison(因事)从监狱里出来 

go to college上大学

go to the/a college去一所学校(办事) 

go to bed上床睡觉

go to the bed去床边 

go to sea当海员

go to the sea去海边 

go to church做礼拜

go to the church(因事)去教堂 

keep house管理家务

keep the house守在家里 

take place发生

take the place代替


1. 表示地点位置的介词

1) at ,in, on, to

at (1)表示在小地方; (2)表示“在……附近,旁边”

in (1)表示在大地方; (2)表示“在…范围之内”。

on 表示毗邻,接壤

to 表示在……范围外,不强调是否接壤

He arrived at the station at ten.

He is sitting at the desk.

He arrived in Shanghai yesterday.

Jiangsu lies in the east of China.

Russia lies on the north of China.

Fujian is to the south of Jiangsu Province.

2) above, over, on 在……上

above 指在……上方,不强调是否垂直,与 below相对;



The bird is flying above my head.

There is a bridge over the river.

He put his watch on the desk.

3) below, under 在……下面



There is a cat under the table.

Please write your name below the line.

2. 表示时间的介词

1) in, on,at 在……时


如 in the 20th century, in the 1950s, in 1989, in summer, in January, in the morning, in the night, in one’s life , in one’s thirties等。


如on May 1st, on Monday, on New Year’s Day, on a cold night in January, on a fine morning, on Sunday afternoon等。


如at 3:20, at this time of year, at the beginning of, at the end of …, at the age of …, at Christmas, at night, at noon, at this moment等。

注意:在last, next, this, that, some, every 等词之前一律不用介词。如:We meet every day.

2) in, after 在……之后

“in +段时间”表示将来的一段时间以后;



My mother will come back in three or four days.

He arrived after five months.   

She will appear after five o’clock this afternoon.  

3) from, since 自从……



He studied the piano from the age of three.

They have lived here since 1978.

4) after, behind 在……之后



We shall leave after lunch.

Lucy is hiding behind an old house.

3. 表运动方向的介词:across, through 通过,穿过



She swam across the river.

He walked through the forest.

4. 表示“在……之间”的介词:between, among



There is a football match between Class One and Class Two on the playground.

The teacher is standing among the students.

5. 表示其他意义的介词

1) on, about关于

on 表示这本书,这篇文章或演说是严肃的,或学术性的,可供专门研究这一问题的人阅读;


There will be a lecture on economics this afternoon.

He is writing a book on cooking.

He told me a lot about his life in the summer vocation.

2) by, with, in 表示方法、手段、工具

by 以……方法、手段或泛指某种交通工具;

with 表示用 …工具、手段,一般接具体的工具和手段;

in 表示用…方式,用…语言(语调、笔墨、颜色)等;

He makes a living by selling newspapers.

He broke the window with a stone.

The foreigner spoke to us in English.

3) besides, except, except for, but和apart from “除……之外”

① besides 意为“除了……,(还,也)”,表示的是追加关系,整体中包括了“除了”的部分;except 意为“除了……,(其余的都)”,表示的是剔除的关系,整体中不包括“除了”的部分,except 除了后面接名词、代词外,还可接介词短语或从句。如:

Five other representatives arrived late besides me. 除了我还有五位代表来晚了。(晚到的代表中包括“我”)

All the other five representatives arrived late except me. 除了我,其他的五位代表都来晚了。(晚到的代表中不包括“我”)

② except for 表示的是,在整体上给以定论后,再从局部上加以修正。与except 不同的是:except 所“排除”的部分与前面所述整体词属于同类,是部分与整体的关系;而except for 所“排除”的部分与前面所述的整体词往往不是同类。如:

Your essay is well written except for one or two minor grammatical mistakes. 你的作文除了一两处小的语法错误外,写得很好。(“作文”与“语法错误”不是同类事物)

③ but与except的用法基本相同并常互换使用,但but多与no, nothing, not anything, nobody, nowhere, all, anything, who等词连用,but所引出的事物常是句子的重心,有一定的强调意味。如:

They are all from the countryside but / except John. 除了约翰外,他们都来自乡下。

I never saw him reading anything but the newspaper. 除了报纸,我从没见他读过别的东西。

④ apart from在不同的上下文中,既有besides的含义,又有except和except for的含义,要根据上下文来判别。如:

Apart from English, he has a good command of Russian and French. 除英语外,他还精通俄语和法语。(= besides)

He has no interests, apart from his work. 他除了自己的工作外,没什么兴趣爱好。(= except )

It’s a good paper, apart from a few spelling mistakes. 这是一篇好论文,只是有几处拼写错误。(= except for)



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